The Royal Institute of British Architects today announced the UK & Ireland's six top projects shortlisted for the 2013 RIBA Stirling Prize. The selected buildings will now go head to head for the prestigious prize, and the winner will be announced on the evening of Thursday, September 26th in London at Central Saint Martins, King’s Cross, designed by last year’s RIBA Stirling Prize winner Stanton Williams.
This year’s RIBA Stirling Prize shortlist features some ‘fresh’ architecture talent - five of the six practices are on the list for the first time, beating-off competition from previous winners including Sir David Chipperfield and Dame Zaha Hadid. It is also the first year in the prize’s 18 year history that half of the shortlisted firms have women at the helm: Alison Brooks Architects, Grafton Architects and heneghan peng.
The six buildings competing for this year’s title are:
Park Hill Phase 1, Sheffield by Hawkins\Brown with Studio Egret West
Together the two firms of architects have worked with developers Urban Splash to address the contradictory demands of conservation and commerce and to bring back to life a Sheffield landmark.
The original aspiration of the late 1950s blocks to resemble an Italian hill village had degenerated into a sorry place to be – the completed first phase once again gives the people of Sheffield and visitors a building that excites and inspires.
The original streets in the sky have been made safe with security measures and a meter borrowed from their generous width to add to the accommodation. Set back doorways and corner windows also humanize these spaces.
The architects have doubled the amount of glazing, while retaining the character of the original concrete and exposing inside the split-level apartments but walls have been removed to fill them with light.
The vibrant colored panels borrow from the gradated pastel colors of the original brickwork, giving a Corbusian vigor to the facades.
Astley Castle, Warwickshire by Witherford Watson Mann Architects
This sensitive scheme places the new building at the heart of the old. It shows creativity as well as preservation and conservation.
In the burnt-out ruins of 12th century fortified manor, the architects have created a new house which allows Landmark Trust guests to experience life in an old castle yet in immediate environs that are distinctly 21st century.
Astley Castle demonstrates that working within sensitive historic contexts requires far more than the specialist skills of the conservation architect: this is an important piece of architecture, beautifully detailed and crafted.
The decision to put the bedrooms and bathrooms on the ground floor and the communal spaces above makes the experience of the house very special.
Bishop Edward King Chapel, Oxfordshire by Niall McLaughlin Architects
Built to serve a theological college and a small religious order of nuns, the chapel defies its diminutive scale to provide an uplifting spiritual space of great potency.
This is a materially rich scheme: above an ashlar base the principal material is a cream limestone hand-broken and laid criss-cross with the raw ends exposed, producing an extraordinarily rich texture.
The building is rich in its allusions to architectural history yet possess the power to impact on any passer-by.
A ribbon of high windows floods the chapel and its ambulatory with even light. The delicate timber structure is of blonde wood. This is an church for all seasons and serves equally all the diverse branches of the Anglican Church.
Cuddeston fulfills its complex brief with a lyrical grace.
Giant’s Causeway Visitor Center, Northern Ireland by heneghan peng architects
This elegant, powerful visitor center appears to be born of its place; the irregular lines of basalt columns grow and recede into the landscape to form the building edges, with the building roof a part of the dramatic landscape.
Visitor Centers are hard to do; this one serves as shop, café and exhibition without any one function over-powering what is a simple, telling piece of architecture.
Visitor Centers are normally self-effacing buildings fulfilling the needs of visitors but careful not to draw the limelight. This one pulls of that difficult trick of being a destination in its own right without upstaging the principal event – the causeway which is set a kilometer apart and invisible from it.
The internal space is made from a large concrete soffit with slices of roof lights and slots between the basalt allowing natural light deep into the heart of the building.
University of Limerick Medical School by Grafton Architects
It is not easy to create good architecture on an incredibly tight budget and previous architectural experiments on the Limerick Campus have been mixed, but Grafton Architects have taken an ordinary program for the student housing and a series of muscular buildings that despite their modest size, have a scale and weight and create a point of entry to the campus.
Facing is the medical school which is cool grey and monolithic, another relatively modest building with a strong presence. The central space of the medical school soars above the entry, rich in timber details against massive concrete, with views up to a study area overlooking the atrium, and further still to bridges and windows on higher levels.
This building feels like it punches well above its weight. It transforms simple teaching and study spaces into rich, theatrical spaces, with a generosity that verges on the heroic.
The heroic bus shelter that completes the fine hard-landscaped square also forms a dramatic entrance to a neighboring restaurant pavilion (by other hands). This is place-making of the first order.
Newhall Be, Harlow by Alison Brooks Architects
The 84 unit Newhall Be scheme demonstrates the added value that good architects can bring to the thorny problem of housing people outside our major cities. ABA have worked with housing developer Galliford Try and persuaded them that investing in quality adds to their bottom line.
By halving the size of the gardens – creating roof terraces in total equaling the land ‘lost’ - the architects managed to get an extra six houses on to the development. This paid for extras such as full-height windows, dedicated studies and convertible roof space, things which don’t feature in the standard house builders’ products.
The 10.5m x 9.5m plot size for the courtyard houses, which predominate, is a clever manipulation of internal/external space, incorporating simple effective moves such as the gentle angling of the flank walls and balconies to avoid overlooking.
The overall scheme raises the bar for suburban housing developments that – if emulated could and should have a significant impact on development across the country.
This is a fine achievement in its own right. In the context of much of the UK’s new housebuilding it is truly exceptional.
Angela Brady, RIBA President, said: "The RIBA Stirling Prize is awarded to the building that has made the biggest contribution to the evolution of architecture, and nowhere is the need for fresh-thinking needed more than in housing. The UK is blighted with unimaginative, poor quality houses that people don’t want to live in but have little other choice, so I am delighted to see two amazing and highly original housing projects on this year’s shortlist. These projects show how when talented architects and clients work together and focus on quality, affordable and desirable new homes can be created. They shine a light on what the future of UK housing can be.
All six shortlisted projects are ground-breaking in their own way – buildings that deliver more than could ever have been expected. Some of them, such as Park Hill and the Giant’s Causeway Visitor Centre, are genuinely courageous in laying out a new visionary approach.
This RIBA Stirling Prize shortlist is sending out the clear message that creative vision improves our lives."
The 2013 RIBA Stirling Prize judges who will visit the six shortlisted buildings and meet for a final time on the day of the presentation to pick the winner are: Stephen Hodder – architect and RIBA President Elect (President: 09/01/13; Sheila O’Donnell - architect, O’Donnell + Tuomey; Paul Williams - architect, Stanton Williams; Dame Vivien Duffield – philanthropist and Chair of the Clore Duffield Foundation; and Tom Dyckhoff – journalist and broadcaster.
Previous winners of the RIBA Stirling Prize include: Sainsbury Laboratory by Stanton Williams (2012); Evelyn Grace Academy (2011) and MAXXI Museum, Rome (2010) both by Zaha Hadid Architects; Maggie’s Center at Charing Cross Hospital, London by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners (2009); Accordia housing development by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios/Alison Brooks Architects/Maccreanor Lavington (2008); The Museum of Modern Literature, Marbach am Neckar, Germany by David Chipperfield Architects (2007).
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